Effect of long term anaerobic and intermittent anaerobic/aerobic starvation on aerobic granules

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3622-3632
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume43
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The effect of long term anaerobic and intermittent anaerobic/aerobic starvation on the structure and activity of aerobic granules was studied. Aerobic granular sludge treating abattoir wastewater and achieving high levels of nutrient removal was subjected to 4-5 week starvation under anaerobic and intermittent anaerobic/aerobic conditions. Microscopic pictures of granules at the beginning of the starvation period presented a round and compact surface morphology with a much defined external perimeter. Under both starvation conditions, the morphology changed at the end of starvation with the external border of the granules surrounded by floppy materials. The loss of granular compactness was faster and more pronounced under anaerobic/aerobic starvation conditions. The release of Ca2+ at the onset of anaerobic/aerobic starvation suggests a degradation of extracellular polymeric substances. The activity of ammonia oxidizing bacteria was reduced by 20 and 36% during anaerobic and intermittent anaerobic/aerobic starvation, respectively. When fresh wastewater was reintroduced, the granules recovered their initial morphology within 1 week of normal operation and the nutrient removal activity recovered fully in 3 weeks. The results show that both anaerobic and intermittent anaerobic/aerobic conditions are suitable for maintaining granule structure and activity during starvation. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Aerobic granules, Calcium, Enhanced biological phosphorus removal, Morphology, Nitrification, Recovery, Starvation

Bibliographic Note

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Citation Format(s)

Effect of long term anaerobic and intermittent anaerobic/aerobic starvation on aerobic granules. / Pijuan, Maite; Werner, Ursula; Yuan, Zhiguo.
In: Water Research, Vol. 43, No. 14, 08.2009, p. 3622-3632.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review