Effect of heat treatment on deformation and mechanical properties of 8 mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia by Berkovich nanoindentation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-98
Journal / PublicationApplied Surface Science
Online published21 Feb 2015
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2015


The effect of thermal treatment on the elasto-plastic transition and mechanical properties of air plasma-sprayed 8 mol% Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 (8YSZ) thermal barrier coatings was studied by nanoindentation test at ultra-low loads with a Berkovich indenter. The area contact function of the indenter was calibrated repeatedly under nano-scales, and the indenter tip radius was estimated under different indentation depths, respectively. Owing to the heterogeneous and porous microstructure, the scatter of all collected experimental data was analyzed by Weibull statistic method. It is interesting to observe that the hardness exhibits an apparent reverse indentation size effect under very small depths. The Young's modulus of 8YSZ varies with ranging from 213 to 246 GPa due to the sintering effect. True hardness of 8YSZ increases from as-received 72.9 GPa to a top value 79.7 GPa under 100 thermal cycles, and then slightly decreases from this value to 75.5 GPa under 175 thermal cycles. The pure elastic and elasto-plastic indentation curves were obtained by adjusting the indentation load magnitude. The elasto-plastic transition and resolved shear stress fields were discussed carefully from the use of energetic models and Hertzian contact theory.

Research Area(s)

  • Heat treatment, Hertzian contact theory, Mechanical properties, Nanoindentation, Thermal barrier coatings