Effect of Graphene Oxide on the Crystallization of Calcium Carbonate by C3S Carbonation

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Original languageEnglish
Article number2045
Journal / PublicationMaterials
Issue number13
Online published26 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019



The effect of graphene oxide (GO) on the crystallization of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) is explored in this paper. Precipitation of CaCO3 was carried out by bubbling carbon dioxide (CO2) through tricalcium silicate (C3S) hydration solution with different graphene oxide admixture contents (0.2%, 1% and 2% mass ratios based on C3S). The polymorph, morphology, crystal size and particle size of CaCO3 were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), an environmental scanning electronic microscope (ESEM), and laser particle size analysis. The results showed that addition of GO was able to promote the conversion of CaCO3 to a calcite crystal phase with higher thermal stability and crystallinity than the control. However, as the dosage of GO increased, the growth of the calcite crystal particles was somewhat suppressed, resulting in a decrease in the crystal particle size and a narrow particle size distribution. When the amount of GO was 0.2%, 1% and 2%, the crystal size of the calcite was 5.49%, 12.38%, and 24.61% lower than that of the sample without GO, respectively, while the particle size of the calcite also decreased by 17.21%, 39.26%, 58.03%, respectively.

Research Area(s)

  • calcium carbonate, graphene oxide, carbonization, polymorph, crystal size

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