Effect of carbon fibers grafted with carbon nanotubes on mechanical properties of cement-based composites

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Hongzhi Cui
  • Zhiyang Jin
  • Waiching Tang
  • Yubo Li
  • Yanchun Yun
  • Feng Xing


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-720
Journal / PublicationConstruction and Building Materials
Online published26 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2018


In this study, a novel chemical method was developed for grafting carbon nanotubes (CNTs) onto the surface of carbon fibers (CF) using (3-Aminopropyl) triethoxysilane (KH550). The CNTs with carboxyl groups and oxidized CF (O-CF) were modified by KH550 before the grafting procedure. The CNTs were grafted onto the surface of CF through Si–O–Si bond formation due to the hydrolysis and self-condensation reactions of KH550. The effects of CNTs grafted CF (CF-CNTs) on mechanical properties of cement-based composites were studied and compared with composites containing oxidized CF and raw CF. The morphology and chemical structure of CF-CNTs composites were characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Laser Raman Spectrometer (LRS), Transmission electron microscope (TEM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The test results indicated that a large number of CNTs were uniformly and densely distributed on the surface of CF. The results also indicated that the CNTs and CF were held together by strong chemical bonds. When 0.5 wt% CF-CNTs was added, the flexural strength values of cement pastes at 3d, 7d and 28d were higher than those of pure cement paste and cement pastes containing same content of oxidized CF by 48.5%, 42.2% and 45.5% and 20.7%, 14.6% and 21.5%, respectively. However, the addition of CF-CNTs had little effect on the compressive strength of cement.

Research Area(s)

  • (3-Aminopropyl) triethoxysilane, Carbon fibers, Carbon nanotubes, Chemical grafting, Mechanical properties, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, INTERFACIAL SHEAR-STRENGTH, GRAPHENE OXIDE, MULTISCALE REINFORCEMENT, SURFACE MODIFICATION, SIZING AGENT, MICROSTRUCTURE, NANOFIBERS, GROWTH, KH550

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