EDCNN : identification of genome-wide RNA-binding proteins using evolutionary deep convolutional neural network

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678-686
Journal / PublicationBioinformatics
Issue number3
Online published25 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022


Motivation: RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are a group of proteins associated with RNA regulation and metabolism, and play an essential role in mediating the maturation, transport, localization and translation of RNA. Recently, Genome-wide RNA-binding event detection methods have been developed to predict RBPs. Unfortunately, the existing computational methods usually suffer some limitations, such as high-dimensionality, data sparsity and low model performance.
Results: Deep convolution neural network has a useful advantage for solving high-dimensional and sparse data. To improve further the performance of deep convolution neural network, we propose evolutionary deep convolutional neural network (EDCNN) to identify protein–RNA interactions by synergizing evolutionary optimization with gradient descent to enhance deep conventional neural network. In particular, EDCNN combines evolutionary algorithms and different gradient descent models in a complementary algorithm, where the gradient descent and evolution steps can alternately optimize the RNA-binding event search. To validate the performance of EDCNN, an experiment is conducted on two large-scale CLIP-seq datasets, and results reveal that EDCNN provides superior performance to other state-of-the-art methods. Furthermore, time complexity analysis, parameter analysis and motif analysis are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed algorithm from several perspectives.

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