Eco-friendly flame retardant and electromagnetic interference shielding cotton fabrics with multi-layered coatings

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Wenxiang Tian
  • Longxiang Liu
  • Wenhua Cheng
  • Bibo Wang
  • Yuan Hu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1077-1090
Journal / PublicationChemical Engineering Journal
Volume372
Early online date4 May 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 May 2019

Abstract

Considering that the electromagnetic interference (EMI)shielding textiles are deeply affected by the accidental fires, we have designed an eco-friendly flame retardant and EMI shielding cotton fabric. Herein, the cotton fabric, a biomass material, serve as the skeleton and the polyethylenimine/phytic acid (PEI/PA)layer as well as silver nanowires (AgNWs)conductive networks are formed on the surface of cotton fibers through layer-by-layer assembled technology and dip-coating method, which is due to the strong electrostatic interaction and hydrogen bonding effect. The biomass material PA together with PEI functions well to be an effective intumescent flame retardant coating. Besides, the increasing amount of AgNWs constitutes an effective conductive metal shielding layer. Particularly, the cotton fabric with 24.2 wt% of PEI/PA layer and 7.5 wt% of AgNWs network possesses the effective self-extinguishing effect and minimizes the PHRR value about 58.59% of pure cotton fabric. Moreover, a high electrical conductivity of 2416.46 S/m and an impressive EMI shielding effectiveness of 32.98 dB are also achieved over the X-band frequency range with an absorption-dominated mechanism. The excellent flame retardant property and outstanding EMI shielding performance are attributed to the external well-constructed flame retardant layer and interconnected conductive network, which is confirmed by SEM images and EDS mapping images. Besides, it also keeps highly reliable shielding ability during the bending test, washing test and sandpaper abrasion test. Therefore, this flexible flame-retardant EMI shielding textile will benefit the eco-friendly and facile large-scale fabrication of multifunctional textile.

Research Area(s)

  • Cotton fabric, Eco-friendly, EMI shielding, Flame retardant, Multifunctional textile

Citation Format(s)

Eco-friendly flame retardant and electromagnetic interference shielding cotton fabrics with multi-layered coatings. / Zhang, Yan; Tian, Wenxiang; Liu, Longxiang; Cheng, Wenhua; Wang, Wei; Liew, Kim Meow; Wang, Bibo; Hu, Yuan.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 372, 15.09.2019, p. 1077-1090.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review