Dynamics of water droplet distortion and breakup in a uniform electric field

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Original languageEnglish
Article number6022767
Pages (from-to)2374-2383
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes


Distortion of a free droplet in a uniform electric field is studied numerically using the boundary element method. It is assumed that the droplet is made of an ideally conducting liquid. There exists a critical magnitude of the electric field intensity. The droplet oscillates for weaker electric fields and elongates until a thin jet emanating from the droplet tip is formed for stronger electric fields. Numerical predictions agree reasonably well with the available experimental data. © 2006 IEEE.

Research Area(s)

  • Droplet distortion, electric field, electrohydrodynamics (EHDs), numerical simulation

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