Dynamics of Natural Killer Cells Cytotoxicity in Microwell Arrays with Connecting Channels

Research output: Conference PapersRGC 32 - Refereed conference paper (without host publication)peer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

Conference

TitleAnnual Conference and Expo on Biomaterials 2016
PlaceUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period14 - 16 March 2016

Abstract

Natural killer (NK) cells serve an important role in immune system by recognizing and killing potentially malign cells without antigen sensitization, and could be important in cancer therapy. We have designed and fabricated microwell arrays with microchannel connections in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates to study the interaction dynamics of NK-92MI cells with MCF7 breast cancer cells using time-lapse imaging by fluorescence microscopy for 15 h. Although cell seeding density is the same, NK cell cytotoxicity was found to be stronger in larger microwells, which is manifested as higher target death ratio (D=NMCF7 Death /NMCF7 Total) and shorter triggering time of first target lysis. Mirochannel connection between adjacent microwell of the same size increased the overall target death ratio by >10%, while connection between microwells of different sizes led to significantly increased target death ratio and delayed first target lysis in smaller mirowells as shown in Fig. 1. Our findings reveal unique cell interaction dynamics such as initiation and stimulation of NK cell cytotoxicity in a confined microenvironment, which is different from population-based study. The results could lead to a better understanding of the dynamics of NK cell cytotoxicity.

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Full text of this publication does not contain sufficient affiliation information. With consent from the author(s) concerned, the Research Unit(s) information for this record is based on the existing academic department affiliation of the author(s).

Citation Format(s)

Dynamics of Natural Killer Cells Cytotoxicity in Microwell Arrays with Connecting Channels. / XU, Yuanhao.
2016. Paper presented at Annual Conference and Expo on Biomaterials 2016, London, United Kingdom.

Research output: Conference PapersRGC 32 - Refereed conference paper (without host publication)peer-review