DRSNet : Novel Architecture for Small Patch and Low-resolution Remote Sensing Image Scene Classification

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number102577
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation
Volume104
Online published20 Oct 2021
Publication statusOnline published - 20 Oct 2021

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Abstract

Mainstream architectures of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for image recognition follow the protocol of shrinking input data size to extract semantic information. However, poor overall accuracy (OA) may be achieved when dealing with small input size and low-resolution images with classic CNNs. This paper proposes a novel, deep CNN architecture called DRSNet for small patch size Landsat 8 remote sensing (RS) image recognition. A module called residual inception channel attention block is applied for feature extraction, which combines the advantages of Inception-ResNet and channel attention. Pooling layers are replaced with reduction modules to prevent representational bottleneck. Unlike existing CNN structures, DRSNet adopts upsampling steps before final pooling layers, retrieving lost information caused by previous downsampling steps. Compared with existing state-of-the-art CNNs, DRSNet achieves the highest classification accuracy in our RS data set. Experimental results show that our model improves OA by 2%–9%, accelerates convergence speed, and effectively reduces loss. DRSNet also exhibits impressive results and outperforms baseline CNNs in three public data sets, namely, EuroSAT, Brazilian Coffee Scenes, and UCMerced Land Use. The proposed network is practical for large-scale land surface classification using free, low-resolution RS data; hence, it could be useful for nongovernment organizations or governments of developing countries.

Research Area(s)

  • Remote sensing, Image recognition, Scene classification, CNN architecture