DNN-kWTA With Bounded Random Offset Voltage Drifts in Threshold Logic Units

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Issue number7
Online published29 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


The dual neural network-based k-winner-take-all (DNN-kWTA) is an analog neural model that is used to identify the k largest numbers from n inputs. Since threshold logic units (TLUs) are key elements in the model, offset voltage drifts in TLUs may affect the operational correctness of a DNN-kWTA network. Previous studies assume that drifts in TLUs follow some particular distributions. This brief considers that only the drift range, given by [-Δ, Δ], is available. We consider two drift cases: time-invariant and time-varying. For the time-invariant case, we show that the state of a DNN-kWTA network converges. The sufficient condition to make a network with the correct operation is given. Furthermore, for uniformly distributed inputs, we prove that the probability that a DNN-kWTA network operates properly is greater than (1-2Δ). The aforementioned results are generalized for the time-varying case. In addition, for the time-invariant case, we derive a method to compute the exact convergence time for a given data set. For uniformly distributed inputs, we further derive the mean and variance of the convergence time. The convergence time results give us an idea about the operational speed of the DNN-kWTA model. Finally, simulation experiments have been conducted to validate those theoretical results.

Research Area(s)

  • Analog neural networks, convergence time, dual neural network-based k-winner-take-all (WTA) (DNNkWTA), kWTA, offset voltage drift, order statistics, threshold logic units (TLUs).