Distributed Energy-Based Estimation Over Harvesting-Constrained Sensor Networks

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2545-2553
Number of pages9
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
Issue number4
Online published9 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024



This article investigates the distributed joint state and fault estimation issue for a class of nonlinear time-varying systems over sensor networks constrained by energy harvesting. It is assumed that data transmission between sensors requires energy consumption, and each sensor can harvest energy from the external environment. A Poisson process models the energy harvested by each sensor, and the sensor’s transmission decision depends on its current energy level. One can obtain the sensor transmission probability through a recursive calculation of the probability distribution of the energy level. Under such energy harvesting constraints, the proposed estimator only uses local and neighbor data to simultaneously estimate the system state and the fault, thereby establishing a distributed estimation framework. Moreover, the estimation error covariance is determined to possess an upper bound, which is minimized by devising energy-based filtering parameters. The convergence performance of the proposed estimator is analyzed. Finally, a practical example is presented to verify the usefulness of the main results. © 2023 IEEE.

Research Area(s)

  • Distributed energy-based estimation, energy harvesting sensors, sensor networks, state and fault estimation

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