Disinfection by in-duct ultraviolet lamps under different environmental conditions in turbulent airflows

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-511
Journal / PublicationIndoor Air
Issue number3
Online published5 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


In this study, we investigated the effects of environmental factors such as airflow velocity, relative humidity (RH), temperature, and duct reflectance on the performance of in-duct UVC lamps. Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas alcaligenes, and Escherichia coli were used as the test bacteria. The UV irradiance, disinfection efficacy, and UV susceptibility constant (Z value) of the test bacteria were experimentally determined. The results showed that the UV disinfection efficacy decreased as the airflow velocity and RH increased. The maximum UV disinfection efficacy was obtained at temperature of 20-21°C compared with the performance at lower temperature (15-16°C) and higher temperature (25-26°C). When the RH increased from 50% to 90%, the Z values of airborne bacteria reduced by 40%, 60%, and 38% for S epidermidis, P alcaligenes, and E coli, respectively. Besides, susceptibility constants had lower values under both cooling temperature (15-16°C) and heating temperature (25-26°C) compared with that under the temperature of 20-21°C. It was observed that S epidermidis generally had the highest resistance to the UV irradiance. The results also showed that the UV disinfection efficacy was lower in the duct with a black surface than in the clean duct.

Research Area(s)

  • bacteria susceptibility, bioaerosols, disinfection, in-duct UV, indoor air quality, ventilation system