Direct Synthesis of Metal-Doped Phosphorene with Enhanced Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

7 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Danni Liu
  • Jiahong Wang
  • Jiang Lu
  • Chao Ma
  • Hao Huang
  • Zhongzheng Wang
  • Lie Wu
  • Qian Liu
  • Shaowei Jin
  • Xue‐Feng Yu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900083
Journal / PublicationSmall Methods
Volume3
Issue number7
Online published10 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2019

Abstract

2D materials with large specific surface area and robust mechanical properties are appropriate for electrocatalysis. However, the unsatisfactory adsorption energy and limited active sites restrict their commercial application. Herein, a facile and rapid electrochemical strategy enabling synchronous exfoliation and doping is designed to directly synthesize metaldoped 2D materials from the bulk crystals. By using black phosphorus as a model, various metal doped phosphorene such as BP(Co), BP(Mo), and BP(Ni) is obtained, and a synergistic synthesis mechanism is proposed. Notably, the dopant introduces electronic band transformation, charge redistribution, and state occupation confirmed by density functional theory calculations. Owing to the enhanced electro-conductivity, abundant metal-P active sites, and optimized adsorption energy by doping, the BP(metal) exhibits enhanced hydrogen evolution reaction activities and stability in comparison to the bare phosphorene. Particularly, BP(Co) presents highest activity with a potential of 0.294 V at 10 mA cm−2 (the current density is normalized with electrochemical surface area by using a double-layer capacitance method). This study provides new access to synthesize highly efficient electrocatalysts, and also enriches the structure modulation means for layered 2D materials.

Research Area(s)

  • 2D materials, black phosphorus, electrocatalyst, metal doping, phosphorene

Citation Format(s)

Direct Synthesis of Metal-Doped Phosphorene with Enhanced Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution. / Liu, Danni; Wang, Jiahong; Lu, Jiang; Ma, Chao; Huang, Hao; Wang, Zhongzheng; Wu, Lie; Liu, Qian; Jin, Shaowei; Chu, Paul K.; Yu, Xue‐Feng.

In: Small Methods, Vol. 3, No. 7, 1900083, 10.07.2019.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal