Diazepam-binding inhibitor mediates feedback regulation of pancreatic secretion and postprandial release of cholecystokinin

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-359
Journal / PublicationJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume105
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Recently, we isolated a trypsin-sensitive cholecystokinin-releasing peptide (CCK-RP) from porcine and rat intestinal mucosa. The amino acid sequence of this peptide was determined to be identical to that of the diazepam-binding inhibitor (DBI). To test the role of DBI in pancreatic secretion and responses to feeding, we used pancreaticobiliary and intestinal cannula to divert bile-pancreatic juice from anesthetized rats. Within 2 hours, this treatment caused a 2-fold increase in pancreatic protein output and a > 10-fold increase in plasma CCK. Luminal DBI levels increased 4-fold. At 5 hours after diversion of bile-pancreatic juice, each of these measures returned to basal levels. Intraduodenal infusion of peptone evoked a 5-fold increase in the concentration of luminal DBI. In separate studies, we demonstrated that intraduodenal administration of antiserum to a DBI peptide specifically abolished pancreatic secretion and the increase in plasma CCK levels after diversion of bile-pancreatic juice. To demonstrate that DBI mediates the postprandial rise in plasma CCK levels, we showed that intraduodenal administration of 5% peptone induced dramatic increases in pancreatic secretion and plasma CCK, effects that could be blocked by intraduodenal administration of anti-DBI antiserum. Hence, DBI, a trypsin- sensitive CCK-RP secreted from the proximal small bowel, mediates the feedback regulation of pancreatic secretion and the postprandial release of CCK.