Dewaterability enhancement and sulfide mitigation of CEPT sludge by electrochemical pretreatment

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number115727
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume176
Online published17 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Dewatering and sulfide control are the key challenges in treating chemically enhanced primary treatment (CEPT) sludge. In this study, an electrochemical pretreatment (EPT) approach with the input of 10 V/800 mA was explored for simultaneously improving the dewaterability of CEPT sludge and eliminating its sulfide production. The effects of different electrode materials (carbon and titanium) and EPT durations (from 5 to 15 min) were documented to reveal the underlying EPT mechanism. EPT with titanium electrodes (titanium-EPT) led to limited improvement in dewaterability and sulfide control. EPT with carbon electrodes (carbon-EPT) for 15 min, however, led to decreases in capillary suction time and specific resistance in filtration of over 80% and the suppression of about 99% of hydrogen sulfide (H2S(g)) production over 5 days of anaerobic storage. Analysis of the characteristics of treated CEPT sludge revealed that carbon-EPT disintegrated sludge flocs with ∼70% reduction in sludge particle sizes and release of aromatic and tyrosine protein-like substances, thus enhancing sludge dewaterability. The sulfur balance in the liquid and gaseous phases showed that most of the sulfur-containing compounds remained in the solid phase as aliphatic sulfur and sulfonic acid after carbon-EPT, thereby mitigating sulfide emission. While the pattern of sulfur distribution in sludge with titanium-EPT was dominated by sulfide, it was similar to the control sample. Reduction in bacteria associated with sulfide production (i.e., Lachnospiraceae) in CEPT sludge after carbon-EPT also contributed to sulfide elimination. This study demonstrates that EPT can be a superior option for simultaneously enhancing the dewaterability of CEPT sludge and mitigating its sulfide production. © 2020 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Dewaterability enhancement, Electrochemical pretreatment, Sludge treatment, Sulfate reduction

Citation Format(s)

Dewaterability enhancement and sulfide mitigation of CEPT sludge by electrochemical pretreatment. / Zeng, Qian; Hao, Tianwei; Yuan, Zhiguo et al.
In: Water Research, Vol. 176, 115727, 01.06.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review