Development of high-performance energy absorption component based on the structural design and nanocrystallization

Research output: Research - peer-review21_Publication in refereed journal

1 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-225
Journal / PublicationMaterials and Design
Early online date2 Oct 2017
StatePublished - 5 Jan 2018


Over the past decades, to meet the ever-increasing energy-saving and environmental-friendly needs, light-weight vehicles, e.g., electric cars, have been widely advocated. Due to significant deterioration in the capability of energy dissipation, crashworthiness enhancement becomes again the most critical issue for the light-weighted vehicles. However, the design based on conventional structure has been more difficult, and the employment of high-strength materials induces much higher cost. To achieve both large safety margin and low cost, this study implemented both material enhancement and structure optimization in the energy absorber design. Since most light-weight structures involve thin-walled frames, the surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT), able to induce nanostructures in metals for strength enhancement without sacrificing ductility, is the perfect choice. Based on the structure of energy absorber, SMAT technology was intensively improved to take full advantage of the excellent performance of the advanced steel material and fulfill real-life application. Structure optimization was also explored through extensive experiments and numerical simulations. The final products was examined by real tests, and the results revealed that it was lighter, stronger and have high-safety impact levels compared to similar products on the present market as expected.

Research Area(s)

  • Energy absorption structure, Finite element analysis, Lightweight, Nanocrystallization, Structure design, Surface mechanical attrition treatment