Development of high-frame-rate neutron radiography and quantitative measurement method for multiphase flow research

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-201
Journal / PublicationNuclear Engineering and Design
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes


In relation to the establishment of thermal neutron radiography as a measurement method with high accuracy and reliability, this paper reviewed the present status on the development of high-frame-rate neutron radiography with a steady thermal neutron beam and its application to multiphase flow researches. This review included also the present progress on the quantification of neutron radiographic image at Kyoto University, i.e. (1) quantitative method to measure void fraction of two-phase flow with thermal neutron radiography (Σ-scaling method), (2) influence of scattered neutrons on void fraction measured by neutron radiography, (3) measurement error of neutrons in a low neutron flux field, (4) error in void fraction measurement due to low gray level, and (5) measurement error due to low imaging speed Moreover, a new experimental approach on a total macroscopic cross section for thermal neutrons measurement by neutron radiography was presented. This paper revealed neutron radiography to be a promising visualization and measurement method in thermal hydraulic research. © 1998 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

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