Development of efficient air-cooling strategies for lithium-ion battery module based on empirical heat source model

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number6832
Pages (from-to)521-529
Journal / PublicationApplied Thermal Engineering
Online published26 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2015


Abstract Thermal modeling is the key issue in thermal management of lithium-ion battery system, and cooling strategies need to be carefully investigated to guarantee the temperature of batteries in operation within a narrow optimal range as well as provide cost effective and energy saving solutions for cooling system. This article reviews and summarizes the past cooling methods especially forced air cooling and introduces an empirical heat source model which can be widely applied in the battery module/pack thermal modeling. In the development of empirical heat source model, three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method is employed, and thermal insulation experiments are conducted to provide the key parameters. A transient thermal model of 5 × 5 battery module with forced air cooling is then developed based on the empirical heat source model. Thermal behaviors of battery module under different air cooling conditions, discharge rates and ambient temperatures are characterized and summarized. Varies cooling strategies are simulated and compared in order to obtain an optimal cooling method. Besides, the battery fault conditions are predicted from transient simulation scenarios. The temperature distributions and variations during discharge process are quantitatively described, and it is found that the upper limit of ambient temperature for forced air cooling is 35 C, and when ambient temperature is lower than 20 C, forced air-cooling is not necessary.

Research Area(s)

  • Empirical heat source model, Fault prediction, Optimal cooling strategies, Thermal insulation experiment, Three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method, Transient thermal behaviors