Development of a Dendritic Cell/Tumor Cell Fusion Cell Membrane Nano-Vaccine for the Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

17 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Lei Zhang
  • Wei Zhao
  • Jinke Huang
  • Fangxuan Li
  • Jindong Sheng
  • And 2 others
  • Hualin Song
  • Ying Chen

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number828263
Journal / PublicationFrontiers in Immunology
Volume13
Online published17 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Link(s)

Abstract

Ovarian cancer (OC) is a malignant tumor that seriously affects women’s health. In recent years, immunotherapy has shown great potential in tumor treatment. As a major contributor of immunotherapy, dendritic cells (DCs) - based tumor vaccine has been demonstrated to have a positive effect in inducing immune responses in animal experiments. However, the effect of tumor vaccines in clinical trials is not ideal. Therefore, it is urgent to improve the existing tumor vaccines for tumor treatment. Here, we developed a fusion cell membrane (FCM) nano-vaccine FCM-NPs, which is prepared by fusing DCs and OC cells and coating the FCM on the poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with the immune adjuvant CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN). The fusion process promoted the maturation of DCs, thus up-regulating the expression of costimulatory molecule CD80/CD86 and accelerating lymph node homing of DCs. Furthermore, FCM-NPs has both the immunogenicity of tumor cells and the antigen presenting ability of DCs, it can stimulate naive T lymphocytes to produce a large number of tumor-specific cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes. FCM-NPs exhibited strong immuno-activating effect both in vitro and in vivo. By establishing subcutaneous transplanted tumor model, patient-derived xenograft tumor model and abdominal metastatic tumor model, FCM-NPs was proved to have the effect of delaying the growth and inhibiting the metastasis of OC. FCM-NPs is expected to become a new tumor vaccine for the treatment of ovarian cancer.

Research Area(s)

  • CpG-ODN, cytotoxic T lymphocytes, dendritic cell, fusion cell membrane, ovarian cancer

Citation Format(s)

Development of a Dendritic Cell/Tumor Cell Fusion Cell Membrane Nano-Vaccine for the Treatment of Ovarian Cancer. / Zhang, Lei; Zhao, Wei; Huang, Jinke et al.
In: Frontiers in Immunology, Vol. 13, 828263, 02.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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