Development of 3D Urchin-Shaped Coaxial Manganese Dioxide@Polyaniline (MnO2@PANI) Composite and Self-Assembled 3D Pillared Graphene Foam for Asymmetric All-Solid-State Flexible Supercapacitor Application

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15350-15363
Journal / PublicationACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2017
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

We have fabricated high-energy-density all-solid-state flexible asymmetric supercapacitor by using a facile novel 3D hollow urchin-shaped coaxial manganese dioxide@polyaniline (MnO2@PANI) composite as positive electrode and 3D graphene foam (GF) as negative electrode materials with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/KOH gel electrolyte. The coaxial MnO2@PANI composite was fabricated by hydrothermal route followed by oxidation without use of an external oxidant. The formation mechanism of the 3D hollow MnO2@PANI composite occurs first by nucleation and growth of the MnO2 crystal species via dissolution-recrystallization and oriented attachment mechanisms followed by the oxidation of aniline monomers on the MnO2 crystalline template. The self-assembled 3D graphene block was synthesized by hydrothermal route using vitamin C as a reducing agent. The microstructures of the composites are analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Raman spectroscopy. The morphology is characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which clearly showed the formation of urchin-shaped coaxial MnO2@PANI composite. The electrochemical studies are explored by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectrometry, and cyclic charge-discharge tests. The symmetric all-solid-state flexible MnO2@PANI//MnO2@PANI and GF//GF supercapacitors exhibit the specific capacitance of 129.2 and 82.1 F g-1 at 0.5 A/g current density, respectively. The solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor shows higher energy density (37 Wh kg-1) with respect to the solid-state symmetric supercapacitors MnO2@PANI//MnO2@PANI and GF//GF, where the obtained energy density are found to be 17.9 and 11.4 Wh kg-1, respectively, at 0.5 A/g current density. Surprisingly, the asymmetric supercapacitor shows a high energy density of 22.3 Wh kg-1 at a high current density of 5 A g-1. The solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor shows a good cyclic stability in which ∼11% capacitance loss was observed after 5000 cycles. © 2017 American Chemical Society.

Research Area(s)

  • asymmetric solid-state flexible supercapacitor, graphene foam, MnO2, PANI, urchin

Bibliographic Note

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Citation Format(s)

Development of 3D Urchin-Shaped Coaxial Manganese Dioxide@Polyaniline (MnO2@PANI) Composite and Self-Assembled 3D Pillared Graphene Foam for Asymmetric All-Solid-State Flexible Supercapacitor Application. / Ghosh, Kalyan; Yue, Chee Yoon; Sk, Md Moniruzzaman et al.
In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 9, No. 18, 10.05.2017, p. 15350-15363.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review