Development and Validation of the Career and Life Development Hope (CLDH) Scale among Non-Engaged Youth in Hong Kong

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Steven Sek-yum Ngai
  • Lin Wang
  • Yunjun Li
  • Yuen-hang Ng
  • Elly Nga-hin Yu
  • Winnie Pui-ching Leung

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number10283
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number16
Online published18 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Link(s)

Abstract

Increasing career and life development hope (CLDH) is critical for the career and life pursuits of non-engaged youths (NEY) who face various disadvantages in the school-to-work transition, especially considering current challenging labor market conditions and the impacts of the pandemic. Nevertheless, research that explores the assessment of CLDH among NEY is scarce. To address this gap, this study aimed to develop and validate a CLDH measurement instrument. A total of 1998 NEY aged 13-29 years in Hong Kong participated in our study. Exploratory factor analysis of the 20-item CLDH scale suggested a two-factor structure-career and life development pathways (CLDP) and career and life development agency (CLDA)-which accounted for 63.08% of the total variance. The confirmatory factor analysis results show a good model fit (CFI = 0.934, TLI = 0.926, RMSEA = 0.060, 90% CI [0.055, 0.065], SRMR = 0.042) and all the items significantly represented the corresponding sub-constructs. The results also demonstrate a satisfactory internal consistency for all subscales and the full scale (0.89-0.95). Sub-group consistency across subsamples categorized by gender, age, and years of residence in Hong Kong was indicated. Correlations between the CLDH scale and subscales with other career-related and social well-being outcomes (i.e., youth career development competency, career adaptability, civic engagement, social contribution, and social integration) showed good concurrent validity. Our results support that the CLDH scale is a valid and reliable tool for measuring NEY's hope for career and life development in the Hong Kong context. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings are also discussed.

Research Area(s)

  • career and life development hope, non-engaged youth, school-to-work transition, scale validation, career intervention, SELF, ADAPTABILITY, RELIABILITY, EMPLOYMENT, PROGRAM, HEALTH, FUTURE, WORK, UNEMPLOYMENT, RESOURCE

Citation Format(s)

Development and Validation of the Career and Life Development Hope (CLDH) Scale among Non-Engaged Youth in Hong Kong. / Ngai, Steven Sek-yum; Cheung, Chau-kiu; Wang, Lin et al.
In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 19, No. 16, 10283, 08.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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