Development and validation of the acculturative hassles scale for chinese students (AHSCS) : An example of mainland chinese university students in Hong Kong

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-178
Journal / PublicationPsychologia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010


The development and initial validation of a 17-item Acculturative Hassles Scale for Chinese Students (AHSCS) is described. Items were generated by in-depth interview, selected by item analysis, and validated in a sample of 400 Chinese mainland students in Hong Kong. Factor analysis suggested four factors with 17 items: Language Deficiency, Academic Work, Cultural Difference, and Social Interaction. Scores in this study showed satisfactory internal consistency reliability for the AHSCS and its four subscales. The AHSCS score shows a statistically significant positive correlation with negative affect and significant negative correlations with positive affect and life satisfaction. These results suggest that the AHSCS appears to be a reliable and valid instrument to measure acculturative stressors within a Chinese student population. However, further validation of the scale is still needed.

Research Area(s)

  • Acculturative stress, Chinese student, Cross-cultural adaptation

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