Detection of equid herpesviruses among different Arabian horse populations in Egypt

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Walid Azab
  • Sameh Bedair
  • Azza Abdelgawad
  • Kathrin Eschke
  • Gemelat K. Farag
  • Ali Abdel-Raheim
  • Alex D. Greenwood
  • Ahmed A. H. Ali

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-371
Journal / PublicationVeterinary Medicine and Science
Volume5
Issue number3
Online published31 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

Link(s)

Abstract

Equid herpesviruses (EHVs) threaten equine health and can cause significant economic losses to the equine industry worldwide. Different equid herpesviruses, EHV-1, EHV-2, EHV-4 and EHV5 are regularly detected among horse populations. In Egypt, monitoring is sporadic but EHV-1 or EHV-4 have been reported to circulate in the horse population. However, there is a lack of reports related to infection and health status of horses, likely due to the absence of regular diagnostic procedures. In the current study, the circulation of four infectious equid herpesviruses (EHV-1, EHV-2, EHV-4 and EHV-5) among different Arabian horse populations and donkeys residing the same farm was monitored. Different samples were collected and DNA was extracted and subjected to quantitative (q)-PCR to detect the four equid herpesviruses using specific primers and probes. Antibody titres against EHV-1 and EHV-4 were tested using virus neutralization test and type-specific ELISA. The results showed that EHV-1, EHV-2, EHV-4 and EHV-5 are endemic and can be a continuous threat for horses in the absence of vaccination programs and frequent virus reactivation. There is an urgent need for introduction of active regular surveillance measures to investigate the presence of different equid herpesviruses, and other equine viral pathogens, in various horse populations around Egypt and to establish a standardized cataloguing of equine health status.

Research Area(s)

  • alphaherpesviruses, arabian horses, co-infection, donkeys, gammaherpesviruses

Citation Format(s)

Detection of equid herpesviruses among different Arabian horse populations in Egypt. / Azab, Walid; Bedair, Sameh; Abdelgawad, Azza et al.

In: Veterinary Medicine and Science, Vol. 5, No. 3, 08.2019, p. 361-371.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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