Desuccinylation-Triggered Peptide Self-Assembly : Live Cell Imaging of SIRT5 Activity and Mitochondrial Activity Modulation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18150-18159
Number of pages10
Journal / PublicationJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume142
Issue number42
Online published29 Sep 2020
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2020

Abstract

Mimicking nature's ability to orchestrate molecular self-assembly in living cells is important yet challenging. Molecular self-assembly has found wide applications in cellular activity control, drug delivery, biomarker imaging, etc. Nonetheless, examples of suborganelle-confined supramolecular self-assembly are quite rare and research in this area remains challenging. Herein, we have presented a new strategy to program supramolecular self-assembly specifically in mitochondria by leveraging on a unique enzyme SIRT5. SIRT5 is a mitochondria-localized enzyme belonging to a family of NAD+-dependent histone deacetylases. Accumulating studies suggest that SIRT5 is involved in regulating diverse biological processes, such as reactive oxygen defense, fatty acid metabolism, and apoptosis. In this study, we designed a novel class of succinylated peptide precursors that can be transformed into self-assembling building blocks through SIRT5 catalysis, leading to the formation of supramolecular nanofibers in vitro and in living cells. The increased hydrophobicity arising from self-assembly remarkably enhanced the fluorescence of nitrobenzoxadiazole (NBD) in the nanofibers. With this approach, we have enabled activity-based imaging of SIRT5 in living cells for the first time. Moreover, SIRT5-mediated peptide self-assembly was found to depolarize mitochondria membrane potential and promote ROS formation. Coincubation of the peptide with three different chemotherapeutic agents significantly boosted the anticancer activities of these drugs. Our work has thus illustrated a new way of mitochondria-confined peptide self-assembly for SIRT5 imaging and potential anticancer treatment.

Citation Format(s)

Desuccinylation-Triggered Peptide Self-Assembly : Live Cell Imaging of SIRT5 Activity and Mitochondrial Activity Modulation. / Yang, Liu; Peltier, Raoul; Zhang, Manman; Song, Dan; Huang, Hui; Chen, Ganchao; Chen, Ying; Zhou, Fanghang; Hao, Quan; Bian, Liming; He, Ming-liang; Wang, Zuankai; Hu, Yi; Sun, Hongyan.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 142, No. 42, 21.10.2020, p. 18150-18159.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review