Design and Multi-Mode Operation of Double-Stator Toroidal-Winding PM Vernier Machine for Wind-Photovoltaic Hybrid Generation System

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Original languageEnglish
Article number8700107
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number7
Online published22 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019


This paper proposes the design and multi-mode operation of a new double-stator toroidal-winding permanent-magnet vernier (DSTW-PMV) machine, which is for the wind-photovoltaic (W-PV) hybrid generation system. In the W-PV system, the wind and PV power are complementary with each other for power variation reduction. Through the multi-mode operation, the output voltage of the machine can be stabilized with high continuity under different rotational speeds to solve the inherently indeterminate wind speed problem and further improve the power smoothness of the whole W-PV system. First, the machine optimization is carried out to obtain the optimal pole-pair combination and geometrical topology for the proposed machine. Second, based on the optimal topology, the multi-mode operation principle of the output voltage adjustment is illustrated. By utilizing the diversities of the toroidal winding configurations and terminal connection strategies, the proposed machine accommodates 54 operating modes with different output voltages under rated speed. Accordingly, under the rated output voltage, the machine speed can be extended to three rated speed with high continuity. Furthermore, some modes generate the rated output voltage with identical speed, which contributes to the high redundancy and high operating efficiency. Hence, with the multi-mode operation and the auxiliary of the PV power, the whole power generation system accommodates the higher flexibility, stability, reliability, and efficiency.

Research Area(s)

  • Double-stator machine, multi-mode operation, permanent-magnet (PM) machine, toroidal winding, wind-photovoltaic (W-PV) hybrid generation