Dependence of flame height of internal fire whirl in a vertical shaft on fuel burning rate in pool fire

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-720
Journal / PublicationApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2017


An internal fire whirl (IFW) was generated by a pool fire in a vertical shaft with appropriate ventilation provision at the wall. The flame height of the IFW was found to increase with the burning rate of the pool fire. Semi-empirical formula for flame height in the IFW was studied analytically in this paper using reported experimental data from full-scale burning tests. Burgers vortex theory was applied for dynamic and thermodynamic corrections. From the experimental data, a rotating flame height coefficient was introduced to modify the empirical formula for the flame height in the IFW. Effects of thermal radiation and fuel vaporization were included to modify the calculation of the fuel burning rate.

Research Area(s)

  • Burgers vortex theory, Fire whirl, Flame height, Fuel burning rate, Full-scale burning test, Rotating flame height coefficient