Defect properties in a VTaCrW equiatomic high entropy alloy (HEA) with the body centered cubic (bcc) structure

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-139
Journal / PublicationJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Volume44
Online published8 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Abstract

We report first-principles results of the point defect properties in a V-Ta-Cr-W high-entropy alloy (HEA) with the body-centered cubic (bcc) structure. Different from the widely-investigated face-centered cubic (fcc) HEAs, the local lattice distortion is more pronounced in bcc ones, which has a strong influence on the defect properties and defect evolution under irradiation. Due to the large size of Ta, the exchange between vacancies and Ta exhibits lower energy barriers. On the other hand, interstitial dumbbells containing V and Cr possess lower formation energies. These defect energetics predicts an enrichment of V and Cr and a depletion of Ta and W in the vicinity of defect sinks. Besides, we find that interstitial dumbbells favor the [110] orientation in the HEA, instead of [111] direction in most nonmagnetic bcc metals, which helps to slow down interstitial diffusion significantly. Consequently, the distribution of migration energies for vacancies and interstitials exhibit much larger overlap regions in the bcc HEA compared to fcc HEAs, leading to the good irradiation resistance by enhancing defect recombination. Our results suggest that HEAs with the bcc structure may bear excellent irradiation tolerance due to the particular defect properties.

Research Area(s)

  • Defect properties, First-principles calculations, High-entropy alloys, Lattice distortion, Radiation tolerance