Defect detection of FRP-bonded civil structures under vehicle-induced airborne noise

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number106992
Journal / PublicationMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Online published11 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-bonded civil structures have been increasingly used in various construction fields, such as building, bridge, and tunnel. To maintain their designed mechanical performance, the integrity of interfacial bonding should be detected on a regular basis. From many recent laboratory studies, acoustic-laser technique is promising to be applied for identifying the presence of delamination or debonding in FRP-bonded civil structures. However, the defect detection performance of this technique towards real infrastructure encounters a challenging problem related to airborne vehicle noise as the number of cars circulating in urban area increases rapidly. In this study, we deal with the effect of vehicle noise on acoustic-laser technique when applying it in defect detection of FRP-bonded structures. Vehicle sound is found to not only raise the noise floor in measured frequency spectrum but also induce noise-related peaks (below 2000 Hz). Noise from a single passing vehicle causes greater reduction in signal-to-noise (SNR) ratio than that from a platoon of vehicle stream. Additionally, detecting large defect is more vulnerable to acoustic interference of vehicle noise than the small one. A quantitative function between the SNR and the noise level is set up to estimate the performance for defect detection in a construction area near the traffic flow. To handle the vehicle noise issue, a de-noising scheme is proposed and demonstrated for practical defect detection in the field.

Research Area(s)

  • Acoustic-laser technique, De-noising method, Defect detection, FRP-bonded civil structure, Signal-to-noise ratio, Vehicle noise