Deciphering the Roles of MA-Based Volatile Additives for α-FAPbI3 to Enable Efficient Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5920-5929
Journal / PublicationJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume145
Issue number10
Online published6 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2023

Link(s)

Abstract

Functional additives that can interact with the perovskite precursors to form the intermediate phase have been proven essential in obtaining uniform and stable α-FAPbI3 films. Among them, Cl-based volatile additives are the most prevalent in the literature. However, their exact role is still unclear, especially in inverted perovskite solar cells (PSCs). In this work, we have systematically studied the functions of Cl-based volatile additives and MA-based additives in formamidinium lead iodide (FAPbI3)-based inverted PSCs. Using in situ photoluminescence, we provide clear evidence to unravel the different roles of volatile additives (NH4Cl, FACl, and MACl) and MA-based additives (MACl, MABr, and MAI) in the nucleation, crystallization, and phase transition of FAPbI3. Three different kinds of crystallization routes are proposed based on the above additives. The non-MA volatile additives (NH4Cl and FACl) were found to promote crystallization and lower the phase-transition temperatures. The MA-based additives could quickly induce MA-rich nuclei to form pure α-phase FAPbI3 and dramatically reduce phase-transition temperatures. Furthermore, volatile MACl provides a unique effect on promoting the growth of secondary crystallization during annealing. The optimized solar cells with MACl can achieve an efficiency of 23.1%, which is the highest in inverted FAPbI3-based PSCs.

Research Area(s)

  • HIGHLY EFFICIENT, PERFORMANCE

Citation Format(s)

Deciphering the Roles of MA-Based Volatile Additives for α-FAPbI3 to Enable Efficient Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells. / Bi, Leyu; Fu, Qiang; Zeng, Zixin et al.
In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 145, No. 10, 15.03.2023, p. 5920-5929.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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