Daylight luminous efficacy : An overview

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

5 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-724
Number of pages19
Journal / PublicationSolar Energy
Online published16 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021


The building sector accounts for 40% of global energy consumption, and artificial lighting is a contributory factor. An approach to resolving lighting issues is daylighting. For daylight to deliver energy-effcient buildings, illuminance data is required. However, few measuring stations collect this data. A preferred data generation approach is luminous efficacy. This study systematically reviewed existing studies on luminous efficacy. The Perez brightness and clearness, sky clearness index and sky ratio were discovered to be crucial in sky characterization. Although the 15 CIE skies globally represent the whole skies, it has low adoption. Solar altitude was found to be a key input parameter in luminous efficacy. Also, constant value luminous efficacies showed good predictive abilities despite being a secondary alternative. Furthermore, most studies adopted empirical models for predictions. However, the machine learning approach can be used due to its accuracy. Information on model evaluation metrics, comparative models and modeling techniques were also identifed. The study further presented research gaps for future research.

Research Area(s)

  • Daylighting, Luminous efficacy, Energy savings, CIE. Standard skies, Machine learning