Cytosine Methylation Enhances DNA Condensation Revealed by Equilibrium Measurements Using Magnetic Tweezers

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Ya-Jun Yang
  • Hai-Long Dong
  • Xiao-Wei Qiang
  • Hang Fu
  • Er-Chi Zhou
  • Chen Zhang
  • Lei Yin
  • Xue-Feng Chen
  • Fu-Chao Jia
  • Zhi-Jie Tan
  • Xing-Hua Zhang

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9203-9209
Journal / PublicationJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume142
Issue number20
Online published24 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2020

Abstract

CpG methylation of DNA is common in mammalian cells. In sperm, the DNA has the highest level of CpG methylation and is condensed into toroidal structures. How CpG methylation affects DNA structures and interactions is important to understand its biological roles but is largely unknown. Using an RNA-DNA-RNA structure, we observed the equilibrium hopping dynamics between the condensed and extended states of DNA in the presence of polyamines or polylysine peptide as a reduced model of histone tails. Combing with the measured DNA elasticities, we report that CpG methylation of each cytosine nucleotide substantially increases DNA-DNA attraction by up to 0.2 kBT. For the DNA with 57% GC content, the relative increase caused by CpG methylation is up to 32% for the spermine-induced DNA-DNA attraction and up to 9% for the polylysine-induced DNA-DNA attraction. These findings help us to evaluate the energetic contributions of CpG methylation in sperm development and chromatin regulation.

Research Area(s)

  • DYNAMICS, RNA, COMPACTION, IMPACT, FORCES, CHAINS

Citation Format(s)

Cytosine Methylation Enhances DNA Condensation Revealed by Equilibrium Measurements Using Magnetic Tweezers. / Yang, Ya-Jun; Dong, Hai-Long; Qiang, Xiao-Wei; Fu, Hang; Zhou, Er-Chi; Zhang, Chen; Yin, Lei; Chen, Xue-Feng; Jia, Fu-Chao; Dai, Liang; Tan, Zhi-Jie; Zhang, Xing-Hua.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 142, No. 20, 20.05.2020, p. 9203-9209.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review