Cuffless Continuous Blood Pressure Estimation From Pulse Morphology of Photoplethysmograms

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number8846195
Pages (from-to)141970-141977
Journal / PublicationIEEE Access
Online published23 Sep 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019



Cuffless blood pressure monitoring is critical for the prevention and early diagnosis of a wide variety of cardiovascular diseases. However, cuffless blood pressure estimation devices suitable for home healthcare applications still suffer from numerous technological limitations. In this paper, we propose a novel method to continuously estimate blood pressure from the pulse morphology of the photoplethysmographic signals, acquired by a commercial oximeter. We conducted cold-pressor tests for 70 healthy subjects, simultaneously acquiring the photoplethysmograms from the oximeter and the continuous blood pressure from a commercial sphygmomanometer as a reference. The shape of each pulse was extracted, normalized, and regressed with the reference blood pressure using support vector machines. The performance of the regression model for each subject was evaluated using 10-fold cross-validation. Results showed that the predicted values from the regression model were highly correlated with the reference measurements from the commercial device. The mean correlation coefficients were 0.748, 0.754, and 0.775 for systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressures, respectively. The mean errors were 0.043 mmHg, 0.011 mmHg, and 0.008 mmHg, with standard deviations of 5.001 mmHg, 3.689 mmHg, and 4.140 mmHg for systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressures, respectively. These results suggest high feasibility of the proposed method to be employed in wearable medical and home healthcare devices.

Research Area(s)

  • Blood pressure, cold pressor test, oximeter, photoplethysmogram, support vector machine