Crystallization of Mordenite Platelets using Cooperative Organic Structure-Directing Agents

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

28 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Manjesh Kumar
  • Zachariah J. Berkson
  • R. John Clark
  • Yufeng Shen
  • Nathan A. Prisco
  • Qi Zheng
  • Haimei Zheng
  • Lynne B. McCusker
  • Jeremy C. Palmer
  • Bradley F. Chmelka
  • Jeffrey D. Rimer

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20155-20165
Journal / PublicationJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume141
Issue number51
Online published21 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Organic structure-directing agents (OSDAs) are exploited in the crystallization of microporous materials to tailor the physicochemical properties of the resulting zeolite for applications ranging from separations to catalysis. The rational design of these OSDAs often entails the identification of molecules with a geometry that is commensurate with the channels and cages of the target zeolite structure. Syntheses tend to employ only a single OSDA, but there are a few examples where two or more organics operate synergistically to yield a desired product. Using a combination of state-of-the-art characterization techniques and molecular modeling, we show that the coupling of N,N,N-trimethyl-1,1-adamantammonium and 1,2-hexanediol, each yielding distinct zeolites when used alone, results in the cooperative direction of a third structure, HOU-4, with the mordenite framework type (MOR). Rietveld refinement using synchrotron X-ray diffraction data reveals the spatial arrangement of the organics in the HOU-4 crystals, with amines located in the large channels and alcohols oriented in the side pockets lining the one-dimensional pores. These results are in excellent agreement with molecular dynamics calculations, which predict similar spatial distributions of organics with an energetically favorable packing density that agrees with experimental measurements of OSDA loading, as well as with solid-state two-dimensional 27Al{29Si}, 27Al{1H}, and 13C{1H} NMR correlation spectra, which establish the proximities and interactions of occluded OSDAs. A combination of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy is used to quantify the size of the HOU-4 crystals, which exhibit a platelike morphology, and to index the crystal facets. Our findings reveal that the combined OSDAs work in tandem to produce ultrathin, nonfaulted HOU-4 crystals that exhibit improved catalytic activity for cumene cracking in comparison to mordenite crystals prepared via conventional syntheses. This novel demonstration of cooperativity highlights the potential possibilities for expanding the use of dual structure-directing agents in zeolite synthesis.

Citation Format(s)

Crystallization of Mordenite Platelets using Cooperative Organic Structure-Directing Agents. / Kumar, Manjesh; Berkson, Zachariah J.; Clark, R. John et al.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 141, No. 51, 26.12.2019, p. 20155-20165.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review