Crowdfunding for Microfinance Institutions : The New Hope?

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-400
Journal / PublicationMIS Quarterly
Volume46
Issue number1
Online published25 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

As an innovative alternative financing channel, online crowdfunding holds the promise of empowering entrepreneurs and small businesses. However, doubts have been expressed as to whether online crowdfunding can deliver on its promises because of the lack of empirical evidence regarding its effects. In this study, we investigate the effects of prosocial crowdfunding on traditional microfinance institutions (MFIs). Combining multiple data sources, including data from Kiva.org and the Microfinance Information Exchange Market (MIX Market), we examine how access to crowdfunding influences MFIs’ sustainability and interest rates. We find that after joining Kiva, MFIs’ sustainability improves and interest rates decrease. Further investigation suggests that the changes mainly result from efficiency improvement, rather than from increased supply of low-cost funds. We propose that joining an online crowdfunding platform induces greater transparency and crowd monitoring, which motivates and empowers MFIs to improve operations and become more efficient.

Research Area(s)

  • Crowdfunding, microfinance, prosocial lending, interest rate, sustainability, information disclosure, crowd monitoring