Covalency, double-counting, and the metal-insulator phase diagram in transition metal oxides

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • M. J. Han
  • Luca De'Medici
  • Hyowon Park
  • C. A. Marianetti
  • Andrew J. Millis

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number195136
Journal / PublicationPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume86
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Dynamical mean field theory calculations are used to show that for late transition metal oxides a critical variable for the Mott/charge-transfer transition is the number of d electrons, which is determined by charge transfer from oxygen ions. Insulating behavior is found only for a narrow range of d occupancy, irrespective of the size of the intra-d Coulomb repulsion. The result is useful in interpreting "density functional + U" and "density functional plus dynamical mean field" methods in which additional correlations are applied to a specific set of orbitals and an important role is played by the "double counting correction" which dictates the occupancy of these correlated orbitals. General considerations are presented and are illustrated by calculations for two representative transition metal oxide systems: layered perovskite Cu-based high-Tc materials, an orbitally nondegenerate electronically quasi-two-dimensional system, and pseudocubic rare earch nickelates, an orbitally degenerate electronically three-dimensional system. Density functional calculations yield d occupancies very far from the Mott metal-insulator phase boundary in the nickelate materials, but closer to it in the cuprates, indicating the sensitivity of theoretical models of the cuprates to the choice of double counting correction, and corroborating the critical role of lattice distortions in attaining the experimentally observed insulating phase in the nickelates. © 2012 American Physical Society.

Citation Format(s)

Covalency, double-counting, and the metal-insulator phase diagram in transition metal oxides. / Wang, Xin; Han, M. J.; De'Medici, Luca; Park, Hyowon; Marianetti, C. A.; Millis, Andrew J.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 86, No. 19, 195136, 26.11.2012.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review