Coordinated miRNA/mRNA Expression Profiles for Understanding Breed-Specific Metabolic Characters of Liver between Erhualian and Large White Pigs

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

18 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Qinwei Sun
  • Yimin Jia
  • Rihua Cong
  • Yingdong Ni
  • Xiaojing Yang
  • Zhihua Jiang
  • Ruqian Zhao

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere38716
Journal / PublicationPLoS ONE
Volume7
Issue number6
Online published12 Jun 2012
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of various metabolic processes in the liver, yet little is known on the breed-specific expression profiles of miRNAs in coordination with those of mRNAs. Here we used two breeds of male newborn piglets with distinct metabolic characteristics, Large White (LW) and Erhualian (EHL), to delineate the hepatic expression profiles of mRNA with microarray and miRNAs with both deep sequencing and microarray, and to analyze the functional relevance of integrated miRNA and mRNA expression in relation to the physiological and biochemical parameters. EHL had significantly lower body weight and liver weight at birth, but showed elevated serum levels of total cholesterol (TCH), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC), as well as higher liver content of cholesterol. Higher serum cortisol and lower serum insulin and leptin were also observed in EHL piglets. Compared to LW, 30 up-regulated and 18 down-regulated miRNAs were identified in the liver of EHL, together with 298 up-regulated and 510 down-regulated mRNAs (FDR<10%). RT-PCR validation of some differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) further confirmed the high-throughput data analysis. Using a target prediction algorithm, we found significant correlation between the up-regulated miRNAs and down-regulated mRNAs. Moreover, differentially expressed genes (DEGs), which are involved in proteolysis, were predicted to be mediated by DEMs. These findings provide new information on the miRNA and mRNA profiles in porcine liver, which would shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying the breed-specific traits in the pig, and may serve as a basis for further investigation into the biological functions of miRNAs in porcine liver. © 2012 Li et al.

Citation Format(s)

Coordinated miRNA/mRNA Expression Profiles for Understanding Breed-Specific Metabolic Characters of Liver between Erhualian and Large White Pigs. / Li, Runsheng; Sun, Qinwei; Jia, Yimin; Cong, Rihua; Ni, Yingdong; Yang, Xiaojing; Jiang, Zhihua; Zhao, Ruqian.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, No. 6, e38716, 06.2012.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal