Consequences of endocarditis in an adult cow with a ventricular septal defect

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere000234
Journal / PublicationVeterinary Record Case Reports
Volume3
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The clinical and pathological findings in a nine-year-old cow with a pre-existing ventricular septal defect and clinical signs of an increased tendency of haemorrhage and lameness, developing into recumbency, are described. On clinical examination, primary and secondary haemostasis defects were evident, along with hindlimb lameness with no indication of an underlying musculoskeletal or neurological cause. There was pyrexia of unknown origin. Clinical haematology revealed a thrombocytopenia. Because of worsening of clinical signs, the cow was euthanased. On postmortem examination, a subaortal perimembranous ventricular septal defect with a prolapsed right aortic cusp and a vegetative endocarditis were found, along with histological evidence of systemic microthrombi. The bacteraemia associated with the endocarditis along with the microthrombi resulted most likely in disseminated intra vascular coagulopathy. The lameness is thought to have been due to arterial thromboembolism in the distal limb following the release of a microthrombus from the endocarditis lesion.

Bibliographic Note

Publication details (e.g. title, author(s), publication statuses and dates) are captured on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis at the time of record harvesting from the data source. Suggestions for further amendments or supplementary information can be sent to lbscholars@cityu.edu.hk.

Citation Format(s)

Consequences of endocarditis in an adult cow with a ventricular septal defect. / Sherwin, Virginia; Baiker, Kerstin; Wapenaar, Wendela.
In: Veterinary Record Case Reports, Vol. 3, No. 1, e000234, 01.01.2015.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review