Comprehensive genomic and plasmid characterization of multidrug-resistant bacterial strains by R10.4.1 nanopore sequencing

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number127666
Journal / PublicationMicrobiological Research
Volume283
Online published28 Feb 2024
Publication statusOnline published - 28 Feb 2024

Abstract

The escalating prevalence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria pose a significant public health threat. Understanding the genomic features and deciphering the antibiotic resistance profiles of these pathogens is crucial for development of effective surveillance and treatment strategies. In this study, we employed the R10.4.1 nanopore sequencing technology, specifically through the use of the MinION platform, to analyze eight MDR bacterial strains originating from clinical, ecological and food sources. A single 72-hour sequencing run could yield approximately 12 million reads which covered a total of 34 gigabases (Gbp). The nanopore R10.4.1 data was processed using the Flye assembler, successfully assembling the genomes of eight bacterial strains and their 18 plasmids. Notably, the assemblies generated solely from R10.4.1 nanopore data closely matched those from next-generation sequencing data. Diverse antibiotic resistance patterns and specific resistance genes in the test strains were identified. Hospital strains that exhibited multidrug resistance were found to harbor various resistance genes that encode efflux pumps and extended-spectrum β-lactamases. Environmental and food sources were found to display resistance profiles in a species-specific manner. The composition of structurally complex plasmids in the test strains could also be revealed by analysis of nanopore long reads, which also suggested evidence of horizontal transfer of plasmids between different bacterial species. These findings provide valuable insights into the genetic characteristics of MDR bacteria and demonstrating the practicality of nanopore sequencing technology for detecting of resistance elements in bacterial pathogens. © 2024 Elsevier GmbH.

Research Area(s)

  • R10.4.1, Nanopore, AMR, Plasmids

Citation Format(s)

Comprehensive genomic and plasmid characterization of multidrug-resistant bacterial strains by R10.4.1 nanopore sequencing. / Ye, Lianwei; Liu, Xudong; Ni, Ying et al.
In: Microbiological Research, Vol. 283, 127666, 06.2024.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review