Compositional phase diagram and microscopic mechanism of Ba1-XCaxZryTi1- yO3 relaxor ferroelectrics

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Shi-Yu Liu
  • Yang Meng
  • Shiyang Liu
  • De-Jun Li
  • Yaping Li
  • Yingdi Liu
  • Sanwu Wang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22190-22196
Journal / PublicationPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume19
Issue number33
Online published27 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2017

Abstract

With extensive first-principles density-functional calculations, we construct a three-dimensional compositional phase diagram of Ba1−xCaxZryTi1−yO3 (BCZT) with the Ca and Zr content in the ranges of 0 ≤ xCa ≤ 0.2 and 0 ≤ yZr ≤ 1. Our calculations show that, when the Zr content increases, the difference in energy and difference in the structural parameters of the cubic, tetragonal, orthorhombic, and rhombohedral phases of BCZT are reduced. Eventually, all four phases merge into a multiphase with coexisting cubic structures (MPCCS) under Zr-rich conditions, indicating that BCZT undergoes phase transition from a normal ferroelectric (NFE) to a relaxor ferroelectric (RFE), consistent with experimental observations. The 3D diagram shows that the regions of merged and separated energy surfaces correspond to the regions of the RFE and NFE, respectively, which suggests that a MPCCS corresponds to a RFE. In addition, with the MPCCS model and Landau–Devonshire theory, we provide an interpretation of the high electromechanical properties of the BCZT relaxor ferroelectric and apply it to the classical local random field and micro–macro domain transition models.

Citation Format(s)

Compositional phase diagram and microscopic mechanism of Ba1-XCaxZryTi1- yO3 relaxor ferroelectrics. / Liu, Shi-Yu; Meng, Yang; Liu, Shiyang; Li, De-Jun; Li, Yaping; Liu, Yingdi; Shen, Yaogen; Wang, Sanwu.

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 19, No. 33, 07.09.2017, p. 22190-22196.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review