Complex Canard Explosion in a Fractional-Order FitzHugh-Nagumo Model

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Original languageEnglish
Article number1950111
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019


This article investigates the complex phenomena of canard explosion with mixed-mode oscillations, observed from a fractional-order FitzHugh-Nagumo (FFHN) model. To rigorously analyze the dynamics of the FFHN model, a new mathematical notion, referred to as Hopf-like bifurcation (HLB), is introduced. HLB provides a precise definition for the change between a fixed point and an S-asymptotically T-periodic solution of the fractional-order dynamical system, as well as the stability of the FFHN model and the appearance of the HLB. The existence of canard oscillations in the neighborhoods of such MB points are numerically investigated. Using a new algorithm, referred to as the global-local canard explosion search algorithm, the appearance of various patterns of solutions is revealed, with an increasing number of small-amplitude oscillations when two key parameters of the FFHN model are varied. The numbers of such oscillations versus the two parameters, respectively, are perfectly fitted using exponential functions. Finally, it is conjectured that chaos could occur in a two-dimensional fractional-order autonomous dynamical system, with the fractional order close to one. After all, the article demonstrates that the FFHN model is a very simple two-dimensional model with an incredible ability to present the complex dynamics of neurons.

Research Area(s)

  • canard explosion, chaos, FitzHugh-Nagumo model, fractional-order system, mixed-mode oscillation