Comparison of actigraphy-measured and parent-reported sleep in association with weight status among preschool children

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Anna M. Abdollahi
  • Ilona Merikanto
  • Marja H. Leppänen
  • Henna Vepsäläinen
  • Reetta Lehto
  • Carola Ray
  • Maijaliisa Erkkola
  • Eva Roos

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13960
Journal / PublicationJournal of Sleep Research
Volume33
Issue number1
Online published7 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Link(s)

Abstract

This study compared weekday and weekend actigraphy-measured and parent-reported sleep in relation to weight status among preschool-aged children. Participants were 3–6 years old preschoolers from the cross-sectional DAGIS-study with sleep data for ≥2 weekday and ≥2 weekend nights. Parents-reported sleep onset and wake-up times were gathered alongside 24 h hip-worn actigraphy. An unsupervised Hidden-Markov Model algorithm provided actigraphy-measured night time sleep without the guidance of reported sleep times. Waist-to-height ratio and age-and-sex-specific body mass index characterised weight status. Comparison of methods were assessed with consistency in quintile divisions and Spearman correlations. Associations between sleep and weight status were assessed with adjusted regression models. Participants included 638 children (49% girls) with a mean ± SD age of 4.76 ± 0.89. On weekdays, 98%–99% of actigraphy-measured and parent-reported sleep estimates were classified in the same or adjacent quintile and were strongly correlated (rs = 0.79–0.85, p < 0.001). On weekends, 84%–98% of actigraphy-measured and parent-reported sleep estimates were respectively classified and correlations were moderate to strong (rs = 0.62–0.86, p < 0.001). Compared with actigraphy-measured sleep, parent-reported sleep had consistently earlier onset, later wake-up, and greater duration. Earlier actigraphy-measured weekday sleep onset and midpoint were associated with a higher body mass index (respective β-estimates: −0.63, p < 0.01 and −0.75, p < 0.01) and waist-to-height ratio (−0.004, p = 0.03 and −0.01, p = 0.02). Though the sleep estimation methods were consistent and correlated, actigraphy measures should be favoured as they are more objective and sensitive to identifying associations between sleep timing and weight status compared with parent reports. © 2023 The Authors. Journal of Sleep Research published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Sleep Research Society.

Research Area(s)

  • accelerometer-measured sleep, chronotype, hidden Markov model, machine learning, overweight and obesity, sleep rhythm, sleep-obesity nexus

Citation Format(s)

Comparison of actigraphy-measured and parent-reported sleep in association with weight status among preschool children. / Abdollahi, Anna M.; Li, Xinyue; Merikanto, Ilona et al.
In: Journal of Sleep Research, Vol. 33, No. 1, e13960, 02.2024.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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