Comparative study on humidified gas turbine cycles with different air saturator designs

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number113592
Journal / PublicationApplied Energy
Online published2 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2019


The urge for more energy-efficient power plant systems to relieve the energy crisis triggers the design for more advanced power cycles. The humidified gas turbine cycle is considered one of the potential choices, and the air saturator performance is critical to the energy merit of such kind of system. To understand more, the performances of humidified gas turbine cycles with two types of air saturator designs were compared in this study. Type 1 air saturator was a hybrid design which combined an indirect evaporative cooler with a Maisotsenko cycle while Type 2 was a conventional indirect evaporative cooler. Detailed heat and mass transfer analysis was taken into account in the air saturator modelling. Through system simulations, it was found that all the humidified gas turbine cycle systems offered higher system efficiencies than a simple gas turbine system with recuperator. Besides, parametric studies were conducted which highlighted the effects of system inlet air temperature, turbine inlet temperature, water injection rate, and part-load ratio on the performances of the different humidified gas turbine cycle designs. The employment of Type 1 air saturator offered 9.34% and 23.55% enhancement in the system efficiencies as compared to those using Type 2 air saturator under the design and 50% part-load ratio conditions respectively. This reinforced the benefit of applying Maisotsenko cycle to the air saturator design of humidified gas turbine cycle for the enhancement of system efficiency.

Research Area(s)

  • Air saturator, Humidified gas turbine cycle, Indirect evaporative cooler, Maisotsenko cycle