Combined control evaluation for Neospora caninum infection in dairy : Economic point of view coupled with population dynamics

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Original languageEnglish
Article number108967
Journal / PublicationVeterinary Parasitology
Online published21 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


Neospora caninum infection is regarded as one of the most important infectious causes of abortion in dairy cattle. To intervene in its spread, four potential controls including test-and-cull, medication, vaccination, and selective breeding are considered and assessed in this study. The cost of each control, together with the inevitable annual loss due to population dynamics, is adopted as an assessment criterion from an economic point of view. By performing simulation and sensitivity analysis, our results demonstrate that compared with each single control, combined controls are worthwhile with better financial outcomes. For farm affected with significant prevalence (equal to or greater than 30%), vaccine treatment is the most effective and economical option among all control strategies. On the other hand, for farm where prevalence is relatively low (around 10%), combined control, by applying vaccination followed with test-and-cull, medication or selective breeding, could be alternative treatment to provide better financial outcome against single control in an observed period.

Research Area(s)

  • Combined control, Dairy cattle, Economic considerations, Infectious disease, Neospora caninum