Coding and Bounds for Channel Estimation in Visible Light Communications and Positioning

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number8113459
Pages (from-to)34-44
Journal / PublicationIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number1
Online published16 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018


In visible light communications (VLC) and visible light positioning (VLP), it is essential to obtain accurate estimates of the channel gains between receiver and multiple light sources. When there are multiple transmitters, time-division multiple access (TDMA) is typically used in the channel estimation phase of radio frequency systems. However, the estimation performance of TDMA-based schemes in VLC and VLP systems is substantially impacted by the maximum power constraint and desired average power constraint that are unique to visible light systems. Under these constraints, this paper explores coding schemes for the simultaneous channel gain estimations of multiple light sources such that the total and maximum noise variances of the channel estimates by the receiver are minimized. Although the minimization problem is non-convex, criteria for optimal codes are found by using majorization theory. Coding scheme satisfying these criteria is proposed that helps to characterize the fundamental tradeoff between noise variance and codeword length.

Research Area(s)

  • channel estimation, majorisation theory, non-convex optimisation, power estimation, TDMA, Visible light communications, visible light positioning