Clinical characteristics and causes of pruritus in cats : A multicentre study on feline hypersensitivity-associated dermatoses

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Monika Linek
  • Geneviève Marignac
  • Thierry Olivry
  • Luc Beco
  • Claudia Nett
  • Jacques Fontaine
  • Petra Roosje
  • Kerstin Bergvall
  • Sveta Belova
  • Stefanie Koebrich
  • Didier Pin
  • Marcel Kovalik
  • Sabrina Meury
  • Sylvie Wilhelm
  • Claude Favrot

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-413
Journal / PublicationVeterinary Dermatology
Volume22
Issue number5
Online published15 Mar 2011
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Hypersensitivity dermatitides (HD) are often suspected in cats. Cats with HD are reported to present with one or more of the following patterns: miliary dermatitis, eosinophilic dermatitis, self-induced symmetrical alopecia or head and/or neck excoriations. Previous reports on feline HD included small numbers of animals, took place in geographically restricted areas or did not compare these conditions with other causes of pruritus. The goal of the present study was to analyse 72 parameters covering signalment, clinical, laboratory and treatment characteristics from a large group of pruritic cats from different geographical areas. Of the 502 cats, the following diagnoses were made: flea HD (29% of cases), food HD (12%) nonflea/nonfood HD (20%) and other diseases in which pruritus was a feature (24%). Cats with signs consistent with a HD but which did not complete a food trial were not analysed further (15% of cases). Most cats with nonflea HD exhibited signs compatible with one or more of the four typical lesional patterns, but none of these patterns was found to be pathognomonic for any specific diagnosis. Food HD and nonflea/nonfood HD were found to be clinically undistinguishable. Young adult, purebred and female cats appeared predisposed to nonflea/nonfood HD. As many diagnoses presented with similar lesional patterns, a thorough clinical work-up is required for establishment of a specific diagnosis. © 2011 The Authors. Veterinary Dermatology © 2011 ESVD and ACVD.

Citation Format(s)

Clinical characteristics and causes of pruritus in cats : A multicentre study on feline hypersensitivity-associated dermatoses. / Hobi, Stefan; Linek, Monika; Marignac, Geneviève; Olivry, Thierry; Beco, Luc; Nett, Claudia; Fontaine, Jacques; Roosje, Petra; Bergvall, Kerstin; Belova, Sveta; Koebrich, Stefanie; Pin, Didier; Kovalik, Marcel; Meury, Sabrina; Wilhelm, Sylvie; Favrot, Claude.

In: Veterinary Dermatology, Vol. 22, No. 5, 10.2011, p. 406-413.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review