Circular intra prediction for 360 degree video coding

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number103000
Journal / PublicationJournal of Visual Communication and Image Representation
Online published1 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


Different from traditional 2D video, the contents of 360 degree video are deformed due to the projection from 3D sphere to 2D plane. As a result, the traditional Angular Intra Prediction (AIP) with a linear pattern may not be always efficient. To further improve the coding performance of 360 degree video, a novel intra prediction method is presented in this paper, i.e., Circular Intra Prediction (CIP), which takes consideration of the spherical characteristics of 360 degree video. In specific, the proposed CIP is performed in a circular pattern, where the center of circle is located around the to-be-predicted block, and different centers of circle are able to produce different CIP modes. The distance between center of this circle and center of the to-be-predicted block is adaptively determined according to the degree of projection deformation, where stronger projection deformation needs shorter distance, and vice versa. As the increase of the distance, the CIP is more and more close to the traditional AIP. In addition, one additional binary flag is utilized to achieve better coding performance from the competition between AIP and CIP with the rate-distortion optimization. The proposed algorithm is implemented on the platform of Versatile video coding Test Model (VTM) 5.0 + 360Lib 9.1. Extensive experiments show that the proposed method can achieve bit rate reduction on this platform for 360 degree video coding.

Research Area(s)

  • 360 degree video, Circular intra prediction, Projection deformation, Versatile video coding