Chronic exposure to broadband noise at moderate sound pressure levels spatially shifts tone-evoked responses in the rat auditory midbrain

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Condon Lau
  • Martin Pienkowski
  • Jevin W. Zhang
  • Bradley McPherson
  • Ed X. Wu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-51
Journal / PublicationNeuroImage
Volume122
Online published29 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2015

Abstract

Noise-induced hearing disorders are a significant public health concern. One cause of such disorders is exposure to high sound pressure levels (SPLs) above 85. dBA for eight hours/day. High SPL exposures occur in occupational and recreational settings and affect a substantial proportion of the population. However, an even larger proportion is exposed to more moderate SPLs for longer durations. Therefore, there is significant need to better understand the impact of chronic, moderate SPL exposures on auditory processing, especially in the absence of hearing loss. In this study, we applied functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with tonal acoustic stimulation on an established broadband rat exposure model (65 dB SPL, 30 kHz low-pass, 60 days). The auditory midbrain response of exposed subjects to 7. kHz stimulation (within exposure bandwidth) shifts dorsolaterally to regions that typically respond to lower stimulation frequencies. This shift is quantified by a region of interest analysis that shows that fMRI signals are higher in the dorsolateral midbrain of exposed subjects and in the ventromedial midbrain of control subjects (p <0.05). Also, the center of the responsive region in exposed subjects shifts dorsally relative to that of controls (p <0.05). A similar statistically significant shift (p <0.01) is observed using 40 kHz stimulation (above exposure bandwidth). The results suggest that high frequency midbrain regions above the exposure bandwidth spatially expand due to exposure. This expansion shifts lower frequency regions dorsolaterally. Similar observations have previously been made in the rat auditory cortex. Therefore, moderate SPL exposures affect auditory processing at multiple levels, from the auditory cortex to the midbrain.

Research Area(s)

  • Acoustic noise exposure, Auditory processing, Auditory system, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Rat

Citation Format(s)

Chronic exposure to broadband noise at moderate sound pressure levels spatially shifts tone-evoked responses in the rat auditory midbrain. / Lau, Condon; Pienkowski, Martin; Zhang, Jevin W.; McPherson, Bradley; Wu, Ed X.

In: NeuroImage, Vol. 122, 15.11.2015, p. 44-51.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review