Chronic Exposure of Marine Medaka (Oryzias melastigma) to 4,5-Dichloro-2-n-octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (DCOIT) Reveals Its Mechanism of Action in Endocrine Disruption via the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Gonadal-Liver (HPGL) Axis

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Lianguo Chen
  • Weipeng Zhang
  • Rui Ye
  • Chenyan Hu
  • Qiangwei Wang
  • Bingsheng Zhou
  • John P. Giesy
  • Pei-Yuan Qian

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4492-4501
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume50
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2016

Abstract

In this study, marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma) were chronically exposed for 28 days to environmentally realistic concentrations of 4,5-dichloro-2-n-octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (DCOIT) (0, 0.76, 2.45, and 9.86 μg/L), the active ingredient in commercial antifouling agent SeaNine 211. Alterations of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal-liver (HPGL) axis were investigated across diverse levels of biological organization to reveal the underlying mechanisms of its endocrine disruptive effects. Gene transcription analysis showed that DCOIT had positive regulatory effects mainly in male HPGL axis with lesser extent in females. The stimulated steroidogenic activities resulted in increased concentrations of steroid hormones, including estradiol (E2), testosterone (T), and 11-KT-testosterone (11-KT), in the plasma of both sexes, leading to an imbalance in hormone homeostasis and increased E2/T ratio. The relatively estrogenic intracellular environment in both sexes induced the hepatic synthesis and increased the liver and plasma content of vitellogenin (VTG) or choriogenin. Furthermore, parental exposure to DCOIT transgenerationally impaired the viability of offspring, as supported by a decrease in hatching and swimming activity. Overall, the present results elucidated the estrogenic mechanisms along HPGL axis for the endocrine disruptive effects of DCOIT. The reproductive impairments of DCOIT at environmentally realistic concentrations highlights the need for more comprehensive investigations of its potential ecological risks.

Citation Format(s)

Chronic Exposure of Marine Medaka (Oryzias melastigma) to 4,5-Dichloro-2-n-octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (DCOIT) Reveals Its Mechanism of Action in Endocrine Disruption via the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Gonadal-Liver (HPGL) Axis. / Chen, Lianguo; Zhang, Weipeng; Ye, Rui; Hu, Chenyan; Wang, Qiangwei; Seemann, Frauke; Au, Doris W. T.; Zhou, Bingsheng; Giesy, John P.; Qian, Pei-Yuan.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 50, No. 8, 03.05.2016, p. 4492-4501.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review