Chromosome level genome assembly and transcriptome analysis of E11 cells infected by tilapia lake virus

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Original languageEnglish
Article number109505
Journal / PublicationFish and Shellfish Immunology
Online published21 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - May 2024


The E11 cell line, derived from striped snakehead fish (Channa striata), possesses a distinctive feature: it is persistently infected with a C-type retrovirus. Notably, it exhibits high permissiveness to piscine nodavirus and the emerging tilapia lake virus (TiLV). Despite its popularity in TiLV research, the absence of genome assembly for the E11 cell line and Channa striata has constrained research on host-virus interactions. This study aimed to fill this gap by sequencing, assembling, and annotating the E11 cell line genome. Our efforts yielded a 600.5 Mb genome including 24 chromosomes with a BUSCO score of 98.8%. In addition, the complete proviral DNA sequence of snakehead retrovirus (SnRV) was identified in the E11 cell genome. Comparative genomic analysis between the E11 cell line and another snakehead species Channa argus revealed the loss of many immune-related gene families in the E11 cell genome, indicating a compromised immune response. We also conducted transcriptome analysis of mock- and TiLV-infected E11 cells, unveiling new perspectives on virus-virus and host-virus interactions. The TiLV infection suppressed the high expression of SnRV in E11 cells, and activated some other endogenous retroviruses. The protein-coding gene comparison revealed a pronounced up-regulation of genes involved in immune response, alongside a down-regulation of genes associated with specific metabolic processes.
In summary, the genome assembly and annotation of the E11 cell line provide valuable resources to understand the SnRV and facilitate further studies on nodavirus and TiLV. The RNA-seq profiles shed light on the cellular mechanisms employed by fish cells in response to viral challenges, potentially guiding the development of therapeutic strategies against TiLV in aquaculture. This study also provides the first insights into the viral transcriptome profiles of endogenous SnRV and evading TiLV, enhancing our understanding of host-virus interactions in fish.
© 2024 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • E11 cell line, Snakehead fish, Channa striata, Tilapia lake virus (TiLV), RNA-Seq