Chiral Coupling of Valley Excitons and Light through Photonic Spin–Orbit Interactions

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Tsz Wing Lo
  • Yulong Fan
  • Haitao Huang


Original languageEnglish
Article number1901233
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number5
Online published20 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2020


Spintronics employs the spin of electrons to encode information. Akin to spintronics, valleytronics exploits the valley as pseudospin-carrying controllable binary information. 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have asymmetric +K and −K valleys. The valley pseudospins of these materials can be manipulated by selective pumping, giving rise to valley-dependent circularly polarized photoluminescence. The photonic spin–orbit interactions (SOIs) in nanophotonic systems allow the transformation or coupling of optical spin angular momentum to orbital angular momentum of light. Hybridizing 2D TMDC electronic systems with nanophotonic systems can open up an avenue for merging TMDC valley polarization and photonic SOIs to uncover new mechanisms of on-chip optical information processing and transport. This review focuses on the fundamentals and implications of TMDC valley polarization, photonic SOI effects, and their chiral coupling in hybrid TMDCs–nanophotonic systems. First, the deterministic valley-dependent optical properties of TMDCs and recent efforts in achieving large valley polarization contrast are reviewed. Then, various SOI effects in nanophotonic systems and their physical mechanisms are summarized. At the end, recent demonstrations of chiral coupling between TMDC valley excitons and light through spin-direction locking at hybrid interfaces are highlighted.

Research Area(s)

  • chiral coupling, guided modes, metasurfaces, spin–orbit interactions, surface plasmon polaritons, transition metal dichalcogenides, valley excitons